Flora and Fauna Study

Flora, are the entire plant life of a region. Fauna, are the animals found in a particular region. We have studied the natural  vegetation and climate of LAC. Now it is time to familiarize ourselves with some of the incredible species that inhabit this diverse area. We will start in the rainforest and move our way across climates to the desert to explore some of the complex ecosystems of LAC and the incredible organisms that live there. For the sake of this culture "trunk" we will be focusing on the rainforest and desert, however, we may expand to include other climates and ecosystems in the future.


Introduction to Rainforests

This video provides an exciting way for learners of all ages to get acquainted with the rainforest and some of its inhabitants. Check it out!

Rainforest Fauna

  • Scarlet Macaw

    Scarlet Macaw

    Scientific Name: Ara macao Diet: nuts, leaves, berries, seeds Fun Fact: • Scarlet macaws sleep together in flocks

  • Spider Monkey

    Spider Monkey

    Scientific Name: Ateles Diet: nuts, leaves, seeds, spiders, bird eggs Fun Fact: They can swing up to a 40 foot distance

  • Coquí Tree Frog

    Coquí Tree Frog

    Scientific Name: Eleutherodactylus coquí Diet: Insects Fun Fact: They sing their mating calls

  • Amazonian Tapir

    Amazonian Tapir

    Scientific Name: Tapiridae Diet:Fruits, berries & Leaves Fun Fact: They are closely related to horses

  • Jaguar


    Scientific Name: Panthera onca Diet: Carnivore Fun Fact: They cannot purr

  • Pale Spear-Nosed Bat

    Pale Spear-Nosed Bat

    Scientific Name: Phyllostomus discolor Diet: Omnivore Fun Fact:

  • Green Anaconda

    Green Anaconda

    Scientific Name: Eunectes murinus Diet: large rodents, fish, birds, sheep etc. Fun Fact: Is the world’s heaviest snake

  • Harpy Eagle

    Harpy Eagle

    Scientific Name: Harpia harpyja Diet: monkeys, sloths, some reptiles etc. Fun Fact: The harpy eagle is the national bird of Panama

  • Giant Ant Eater

    Giant Ant Eater

    Scientific Name: Myrmecophaga tridactyla Diet: ants and termites Fun Fact: Has a two foot long tongue

  • Leaf Cutter Ants

    Leaf Cutter Ants

    Scientific Name: Atta cephalotes Diet: Fungi Fun Fact: They cultivate their own food

  • Amazonian River Dolphin (Pink River Dolphin)

    Amazonian River Dolphin (Pink River Dolphin)

    Scientific Name: Atta cephalotes Diet: Carnivores (crab, smaller fish) Fun Fact: they utilize echolocation to see

  • Sloth


    Scientific Name: Folivora Diet: leaves, insects, fruits, small lizards Fun Fact: They are decent swimmers

Rainforest Flora


Intro to Deserts

Get familiar with the harsh, beautiful deserts and the surprising creatures that live there!

Desert Fauna

  • Chilean Flamingo

    Chilean Flamingo

    Scientific Name: Phoenicopterus chilensis Diet: algae, plankton, mollusks etc. Fun Fact: The backwards “knee” is actually an ankle

  • Aruba Island Rattlesnake

    Aruba Island Rattlesnake

    Scientific Name: Crotalus unicolor Diet: Carnivore Fun Fact: They locate prey by body heat

  • Burrowing Owl

    Burrowing Owl

    Scientific Name: Athene cunicularia Diet: insects, small lizards and rodents Fun Fact: They use animal waste to attract dung beetles (a favorite snack)

  • Humboldt Penguin

    Humboldt Penguin

    Scientific Name: Spheniscus humboldti Diet: Carnivore Fun Fact:They are expert long distance swimmers

  • Viscacha


    Scientific Name: Lagidium viscacia Diet:Grass, moss & lichen Fun Fact:They are incredible rock climbers

Desert Flora

  • Queen of The Night

    Queen of The Night

    Scientific Name: Peniocereus greggii

  • Silver Torch Cactus

    Silver Torch Cactus

    Scientific Name: Cleistocactus strausii

Intro to Trophic Levels